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Immediately after conception, a lot of things start happening in the mother’s body and the developing embryo. For most ladies, the first trimester (13 weeks) of pregnancy is more consuming since everything is new, very exciting, and indeed overwhelming. The following is a comprehensive guide to your first Trimester of pregnancy.
Though your pregnancy does not have any physical signs at this stage, you will be feeling it because of the elevated hormonal release and activities. The elevated hormonal levels cause fatigue, morning sickness, flatulence, and moodiness. Though many of these symptoms are no way enthralling, make sure to remind yourself as many times as possible that they are temporary and brought about by the baby developing inside you.
The first trimester starts from week one and runs to the thirteenth week. This means that by the time you are confirming that for sure you are pregnant; the chances are that the growing baby is about 5 or 6 weeks old inside the womb.
If unsure of the week you are in during the first trimester, get down with a pen and calculate the due date. Remember that the due date could fluctuate if your periods are irregular. Therefore, make sure to go with the flow.
Well, even before getting into the baby’s development; what’s happens at the chromosomes level? Well, you need to know this; it is the sperm that determines the sex of your baby. The egg (from mom) and sperm (from dad) contribute one chromosome each to the unborn baby. However, the egg only has X chromosomes while the sperm can have either X or Y chromosome. If the sperm that manages to fertilize your egg has X chromosome, the child will be a girl, and if it is a Y chromosome, the child will be a boy.
Once the egg has been fertilized, it becomes a zygote and starts moving down the fallopian tubes to the uterus. On reaching the uterus, the zygote becomes an embryo that attaches to the uterine wall. A wall covering the embryo forms immediately and it starts to develop as different organs start taking shape commencing with the most critical ones.
During the first trimester, the embryo cells (embryonic stem cells) start multiplying to form various organs and entire baby’s body.
By the end of the 5th week, the placenta and umbilical cord are fully developed and development of various organs taking shape.
Because of the heightened hormonal changes during the first trimester, you should expect a lot of changes.
Other changes to expect during the first trimester include food aversions or craving, nasal congestion, light spotting, vaginal discharge, extreme fatigue, metallic taste, constipation, heartburn, and upset stomach. Always remember that every woman is different and may experience different sets of symptoms.
Therefore, completing the first trimester will be a great relief because most of the symptoms will disappear.
Though a lot is taking place in your body, you need to understand signs of danger and call a medical doctor immediately to avoid the risk of miscarriage.
While many women lose appetite during the first trimester, it is prudent to keep taking the right foods to have ample supply of the right nutrients and minerals for the body and developing the baby. Make sure to concentrate on taking regular light and balanced meals with high quantities of nutrients. Among the best foods to include in your meals are:
By the end of the first trimester, the baby will be about 1 inch long and, therefore, very small to cause a lot of weight gain. Because the baby is still very small, you only need to gain very little weight; 3-4 lbs. Some women especially those suffering from loss of appetite might even lose weight. However, make sure to gain more weight during the second and third trimesters.